Bahasa Inggris

GIVING  INVITATION
1.Meaning

Giving invitation is an expression that is disclosed when there is someone who wants to ask other persons to come to a place or when there is someone who asks others to do something for him/her.

2.Expressions and Responses of Inviting
3.Dialogue Invitation

Arif  : Hi, Tika.
Tika  : Hi, Arif. What’s up friend?
Arif  : Hmmm, are you doing anything for next week?
Tika  : Nothing. Why?
Arif  : Hmm, like you know, next week we will have summer vacation to
Bali and I think that I need you to be my date. Would you mind to come along with me?
Tika  : Really? I’d love it so much.
Arif  : Well, I will pick you at 7 a.m next week at school.
Tika  : OK. Thanks Arif.
Arif  : You’re welcome. Bye Tika and see you next week.
Tika  : See you, too. Bye-bye.

USED TO

•The word used to refer to a definite time in the past.
•Used to is used for showing habit in the past time.

Examples:
I used to go to the movies a lot.
•Used to is used for regular actions or events in the past that no longer happen.
Examples:
I used to play badminton twice a week, but now I only play once a month.
Example in dialogue
Tika  : Do you play tennis?
Risky  : I used to play a lot, but I haven’t played for years.
Tika  : Do you enjoy playing?
Rizky  : Very much. But I never have time.
Tika  : Are you very good?
Rizky  : I used to be OK.
Tika  : Would you like a game?
Risky  : Of course.
Tika  : When can you get away?
Risky  : How about Friday, after work?
Tika  : That would suit me.
Risky  : Do you know where we can play?

Tika  : There are courts at our gym. I’ll reserve one.
Terima Kasih
maaf teman* kalo gambarnya kurang jelas,, klo ada yg ingin sran nya, lgsung koment ajah ya
BARGAINING

Bargaining or haggling is a type of negotiation in which the buyer and seller of a good or service dispute the price which will be paid and the exact nature of the transaction that will take place, and eventually come to an agreement.
Bargaining is an alternative pricing strategy to fixed prices. Optimally, if it costs the retailer nothing to engage and allow bargaining, he can divine the buyer’s willingness to spend. It allows for capturing more consumer surplus as it allows price discrimination, a process whereby a seller can charge a higher price to one buyer who is more eager (by being richer or more desperate). Haggling has largely disappeared in parts of the world where the cost to haggle exceeds the gain to retailers for most common retail items. However, for expensive goods sold to uninformed buyers such as automobiles, bargaining can remain commonplace.
Answer the following questions orally :

—Do you like to go shopping?
—Where do you usually go shopping?
—When do you usually go to shopping?
—What do you usually buy?
—How do you pay for the purchase?
—Do you ever use a credit card?
Now, practice expressions used in bergaining / shopping :
—Is there any discount?
—What about Rp. 50.000,- for each book?
—Can you make it for $ 1 ?
—What  about 20% off?
—How about Rp. 10.000,- per kilogram?
—Etc.
Conversation
—Shopkeeper : Good morning madam. How    can I help you?
—Customer : I want to buy a beautiful frock for my daughter.
—Shopkeeper : How old is she?
—Customer : She is 2 years old.
—Shopkeeper : Do you want causal or party wear.
—Customer : I want party wear.
—Shopkeeper : Do you want any particular colour?
—Customer : No, but the frock must be very attractive. Show me only the latest stuff.
—Shopkeeper : Do not worry madam. We have latest stock. Which size do you want?
—Customer : I do not have an idea about the size.
—Shopkeeper : No problem. See this frock. I think this size will be ok for her.
—Customer : Yes, I also think so. Do you have black colour in it?
—Shopkeeper : Yes, we do have.
—Customer : What is its prize?
—Shopkeeper : It is of 2000 Rs.
—Customer : It is too expensive. I will give you only 1500 Rs.
—Shokeeper : We are charging reasonably from you.
—Customer : I will not give you more than 1500 Rs.
—Shopkeeper : Ok. If you are insisting, give 1800 Rs.
—Customer : No. You are over charging.
—Shopkeeper : Now I have left my profit. Give me 1700 Rs.
—Customer : I am giving you 1600 Rs.
—Shopkeeper : You won. Give the money.
—Customer : Pack the frock in a nice box.
—Shopkeeper : Here it is your bag.
—Customer : Thank you.
—Shopkeeper : Thanks for shopping here. Have a nice day.
 
GIVING COMPLAIMENT
Everyone likes to hear compliments. Compliments make people feel good about themselves, and we all need that at times. Hotel guests and staff are no exceptions. Guests may give hotel staff compliments for the quality of their service, for their English ability, for their appearance in an unique uniform, or for doing something a little extra for the guest.
A hotel staff may give a guest a compliment about how they look in a newly purchased outfit, or for their patience when a problem arises, or for a beautiful new hair style after visiting a beauty parlor. Look at the expressions below that can be used when giving and responding to compliments.
Expression Of Giving Compaliment
Giving Complaiments

—That’s a very nice …(dress).
—Great job on the …(presentation).
—You look very good in … (that new hair-do).
—This dish is delicious, my compliments to the chef.
—That … (tie) looks great on you.

Responses to compliments

—How kind of you to say so.
—Thank you.
—I’m glad you like it.
—It was nothing really. (an expression of modesty and humility)
Learn the expressions used for giving compliments to others. Practice by saying them loudly.
—Your performance on the stage is amazing.
—How wonderful to listen to  your  great voice.
—How mar vellous .
—Great ! (You look great) / Great for  you.
—Terrific ! (Hey, that’s terrific !)
—Fantastic!
—Smashing.
—That’s really remarkable /well  done.
Now, learn the expressions  use for responding to compliments.
—It’s very kind of you to say so.
—Thank you.
—I can say how pleased (delighted) I am.
—I’m delighted  to hear  that.
—Thank for your compliment.
Dialogue
Staff: What a beautiful dress, Mrs. Elliot.
Guest: Thanks, I’m glad you like it.
Staff: Your new hair-do looks absolutely gorgeous, Mrs. Simpson.
Guest: How kind of you to say so.
Guest: My compliments to the chef. This linguine is superb.
Staff: Thank you ma’am. I’ll be sure to let the chef know.
Guest: Your English is very good.
Staff: Thank you very much.
Staff: Excellent game Mr. Johnson. You really gave me a workout.
Guest: Thanks, I guess all those private lessons are finally paying off.
Guest: I really appreciate all the extra work you did on helping us solve that problem. It truly went above and beyond. My compliments to your work ethic.
Staff: Thank you sir, how kind of you to say so.

Thank You

 
CERTAINLY EXPRESSING
The following are some  examples of expressions for showing certainty and doubt.
Certainty:
1. I’m sure about it.
2. I’m quite sure that he told the truth.
3. I’m absolutely sure about the news.
4. I’m no doubt about it.
5. I’m absolutely certain that he told the truth.
6. I’m sure/certain about …..
7. I’ve no doubt about ……
8. I’m sure/certain about …..
9. I’ve no doubt about ……Doubt:
1. Sorry, I’m not sure about it.
2. I’m not really sure that he told the truth.
3. I’m not really sure about it.
4. I’m not too sure about the news.Responses to expressions of doubt which show
concern as well:

1. I think you don’t need to be worried about it.
2. Everything will be fine.
3. It’s all going to be okay.
4. Don’t be worried too much. Next time better.

Repetition:
I am sorry. What did you say?
I am sorry. Would you repeat what you just said?
I am sorry. Would you mind repeating what you just said?
What?. Could you repeat what you just said?

Surprises:
1. What a diligent student she is!
2. How diligent she is!
3. What a big surprise!
4. How surprising it is!

Give responses orally to the following situations as requested.
a. Hi guys. I have good news. We are going to have an English native speaker next week.
1) What will you say if you are not sure you are going to have an English native speaker next week?
Your response: ……………………
2) What will you say if you want to check whether your friend is sure about it?
Your response: …………………………
3) What will you say if you are surprised of the good news?
Your response: ………………………………
4) What will you say if you want the speaker repeat what he has just said?
You response : ………………………….
b. Your classmate says: “You know what? Next Wednesday is Satriyo’s birthday. He will treat us all.”
1) What will you say if you are doubtful that Satriyo will treat you?
Your response:………………………………
2) What will you say if you want to ask whether your classmate is sure that next Wednesday is Satriyo’s
birthday party?
Your response: …………………………..
3) What will you say if you are surprised of the news?
Your response: ……………………….
c. One of your classmates says to you, “Are you sure that there will be an English quiz?”
1) What will you say if you are not sure?
Your response: ……………………………
2) What will you say if you are sure?
Your response: ………………………………
3) What will you say if you did not hear clearly what the speaker just said?
Your response : ……………………………
d. Another classmate says to you, “Are you certain that there will be an English speech contest at our
school?”
1) What will you say if you are not certain?
Your response: ……………………………………
2) What will you say if you are certain?
Your response: ………………………….
e. Andi, one of your classmates who is sick, says to you, “I am not sure that I will join the study tour to Bali,
next week. I might not get well by the time.”
1) What will you say if you have to respond to the statement of doubt and show your concern as well?
Your response: …………..
2) What will you say if you are certain that he will get well soon and join the study tour?
Your response: …………….

Ways to say it: Expressing opinions
Asking other people’s opinions:
What do you think of ….
– Is that true that ….
– Do you think it’s going …
– Why do they behave like that?
– Do you have any idea?
– How do you like …..?
– Please give me your frank opinion.
– What’s your opinion?
Expressing opinions:
– In my opinion, ….. – I feel ….
– I personally believe ….. – I am certain, sure, positive, convinced.
– I personally think….. – I agree
– I personally feel ….. – I disagree
– Not everyone will agree with me, but …. – It seems that ….
– To my mind …. – Well, personally ….
– From my point of view….. – If I had my way, I would ….
– As I see it – What I’m more concerned with is …..
– I think …. – In my case ….
– I believe…… – Absolutely.

Expressing agreement and disagreement
Saying that you agree:
– Yes, I agree with you.
– I’m sure you’re right.
– That’s right (quite true).
I think so too.
I absolutely agree.
– That’s exactly what I think.
Yes, I suppose so.
– I don’t have any objections.
Saying that you don’t agree:
– We will never agree.
– Not at all/Not really.
– I disagree.
– I think that’s nonsense.
– I see your point, but …
– Yes, maybe, but ….
– I don’t entirely agree with ….
– You may be right, but ….
– Do you think so?
– I see what you mean, but ….
– To some extent, yes, but ….
– I don’t think so.
– I don’t agree with you.
– I’m not sure I agree with you.
– I don’t like the idea.



Making a conclusion:
– In conclusion, we state that ….
– Therefore, we state that
To conclude, we state that ….
On the whole, we state that ….
– From the statement we can conclude ….
On this basis, we agree that ….

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